Startup Business Financing

Small business funding

Wouldn t you love to have a few million dollars to start your business? Me too! With a great idea and a great business plan, you probably feel almost entitled to get the funding you re seeking.

The reality, though, is that for most entrepreneurs, you must prove your concept first before anyone will put up that kind of money. But most businesses require some sort of initial capital for things like inventory, marketing, physical facilities, incorporation expenses, etc.

According to the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA), While poor management is cited most frequently as the reason businesses fail, inadequate or ill-timed financing is a close second. Sometimes it comes down to simple cash flow–many companies have closed their doors because they just couldn t make it another few months until the money came in.

When exploring your funding options, there are several factors to consider:

  • Are your needs short-term or long-term? How quickly will you be able to pay back the loan or provide a return on their investment?
  • Is the money for operating expenses or for capital expenditures that will become assets, such as equipment or real estate?
  • Do you need all the money now or in smaller pieces over several months?
  • Are you willing to assume all the risk if your company doesn t succeed, or do you want someone to share the risk?

The answers to these questions will help you prioritize the many funding options available.

  • Debt financing – You borrow the money and agree to pay it back in a particular time frame at a set interest rate. You owe the money whether your venture succeeds or not. Bank loans are what most people typically think of as debt financing, but we will explore many other options below.

  • Equity financing – You sell partial ownership of your company in exchange for cash. The investors assume all (or most) of the risk–if the company fails, they lose their money. But if it succeeds, they typically make a much greater return on their investment than interest rates. In other words, equity financing is far more expensive if your company is successful, but far less expensive if it isn t.

Because investors take on a much higher risk than lenders, they are typically far more involved in your company. This can be a mixed blessing. They will likely offer advice and connections to help grow your business. But if their plan is to exit your company in 2-3 years with a substantial return on their investment, and your motivation is the long-term sustainable growth of the company, you may find yourself at odds with them as the company grows. Be careful not to give up too much control of your company.

Let s take a closer look at the many options available for startups.

Friends and family are still your best source for both loans and equity deals. They are typically less stringent regarding your credit and their expected return on investment. One caveat: structure the deal with the same legal rigor you would with anyone else or it may create problems down the road when you look for additional financing.

Prepare a business plan and formal documents–you ll both feel better, and it s good practice for later.

Credit cards are a great tool for cash flow management, assuming you use them just for that and not for long-term financing. Keep one or two cards with no balance on it and pay it off every month to give yourself a 30 to 60-day float with no interest. And the low introductory rates on some cards make them some of the cheapest money around. Managed well, they re extremely effective; managed poorly, they re extremely expensive.



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Helping small businesses get loans

PDF version

The Canada Small Business Financing Program makes it easier for small businesses to get loans from financial institutions by sharing the risk with lenders.

Over the past 10 years, small businesses have received over $9.4 billion in asset-based financing representing over 76,000 loans made.

Who is eligible?

Small businesses or start-ups operating for profit in Canada, with gross annual revenues of $10 million or less.

Not eligible under this program are farming businesses (for a similar program for the farming industry, visit www.agr.gc.ca), not-for-profit organizations, or charitable and religious organizations.

How much financing is available?

Up to a maximum of $1,000,000 for any one borrower, of which no more than $350,000 can be used for purchasing leasehold improvements or improving leased property and purchasing or improving new or used equipment.

How do I apply for a loan?

Financial institutions deliver the program and are solely responsible for approving the loan.

Discuss your business needs with a financial officer at any bank, caisse populaire, or credit union in Canada. The financial officer will review your business proposal and make a decision on your loan application. Once the decision is made to offer financing under the program, the financial institution will disburse the funds and register the loan with Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada. (Find a lender near you)

What can be financed?

Loans can be used to finance the following costs:

  • purchase or improvement of land or buildings used for commercial purposes
  • purchase or improvement of new or used equipment
  • purchase of new or existing leasehold improvements, that is, renovations to a leased property by a tenant

For example, you can use a loan to finance:

  • commercial vehicles
  • hotel or restaurant equipment
  • computer or telecommunications equipment and software
  • production equipment
  • eligible costs to buy a franchise

You cannot use a loan to finance items such as:

  • goodwill
  • working capital
  • inventory
  • franchise fees
  • research and development

What are the costs?

The interest rate is determined by your financial institution and may be variable or fixed.

  • Variable rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender’s prime lending rate plus 3%.
  • Fixed rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender’s single family residential mortgage rate for the term of the loan plus 3%.

A registration fee of 2% of the total amount loaned under the program must also be paid by the borrower to the lender. It can be financed as part of the loan.

The registration fee and a portion of the interest are submitted to Innovation, Science and Economic development Canada by the lender to help offset the costs of the program for the government.

What are the terms of the financing?

Lenders are required to take security in the assets financed. Lenders also have the option to take an additional unsecured personal guarantee.

For more information, please contact your financial institution (Find a lender near you).

This program is administered by the Small Business Financing Directorate. For more information, please contact us.

Other resources

The Government of Canada offers other sources of financing and can help you protect your intellectual property, get permits and licences, and sell across borders even to us!



How to Start a Rice Dealership Business

Best small business ideasRice is an important primary staple food in many Asian countries especially in the Philippines. Indicating the high demand for this commodity, planning to put up a rice dealership business in your area is a wise choice. There is already an assurance that this business will succeed because buyers are already there. Of course, in any kind of business, conducting a feasibility study is always a crucial step to take. This will assess the economic viability of your proposed business.

Here are some important questions to consider before plunging into this kind of business.

1. Do you have enough capital or budget for your rice dealership business? With at least P60,000 to P100,000 as a starting capital.

2. Do you want to operate as sole proprietorship or corporation? Business registration guide here.

3. Do you have a big and safe storage room for the sacks of rice that will be delivered to you?

4. Do you have a good location for your rice dealership business? Research the area of your target market, the flow of traffic and their buying habits.

5. Do you have lists of rice suppliers in your area? Make sure you have a lists of several suppliers and make a good relationship with them.

6. Do you have necessary equipments like calibrated weighing scales, rice sacks etc., and a service delivery (optional).

7. What varieties of rice do you intend to sell? Make sure to have several varieties of rice, so that your customers will have several options.

8. How will you market your business? This is also an important aspect especially you are new in this kind of business. Make a good marketing strategy and make your business known to your customers. Make a good deal with restaurant owners, hotels, resorts and small carenderias in your place to be their rice supplier.

Here are Some NFA Rice Dealership FAQ

Q: Who are required to secure license from NFA?

A: All persons, natural or juridical, that are engaging or intending to engage in the rice and/or corn business whether commercial or NFA rice/corn.

A: Before the start in any of the business activity enumerated above, the proprietor or operator should first secure a license from NFA. For those already license, businessmen should renew their annual license on any day within their scheduled month allotted by the NFA

A: Application may be filed at the NFA office that has jurisdiction over the location of the principal business of the applicant.

Q: In case we have more than one (1) store/establishment for Rice/Corn business, should all be licensed?

A: Yes, owner/operator should file a license for all outlets at the NFA office where his principal place of business is located. Additional outlets are treated as branches.

A: For new applicants, follow these procedures:

secure application form from the licensing officer upon payment of application fee;

accomplish and file application with complete requirements to the licensing officer who in turn checks the documents and determines corresponding license fee;

pay license fee to the cashier and get copy of official receipt;

prepare the facilities/equipment requirements for inspection by NFA Investigators;

after inspection of establishments, present notice of inspection to licensing officer, official receipt and proof of compliance with deficiencies, if any;

licensing officer issues license if application is found to be in order;

applicants display license in their establishments.

Procedures for renewal applicants:

secure application from licensing officer upon payment of application fee;

accomplish and file application with complete requirements together with previous year s license to the licensing officer;

licensing officer checks completeness of requirements and determines license fee to be paid;

pay license fee to the cashier and present the official receipt to licensing officer;

licensing officer issues renewal sticker and stick it to appropriate portion of the license if application is found to be in order;

applicants display licensing conspicuous place in their establishments.

Q: For New Applicants, how long do we have to wait for the Approval of our License Application?

A: The establishments and facility requirements of new applicants are inspected by NFA Investigators within 20 working days after the filling of their applications. Those inspected are given inspection notices stating the date when they can return to the NFA to show compliance with any deficiency, if any. Otherwise, their notices state the date they can get their license. In all these cases, it should not exceed 20 working days after inspection.

A: Application fee is P50.00 for a single line activity and P100.00 for two activities or more. License fees depend upon capacity of the post harvest equipment used.

A: Documentary and facility requirements depend upon the business activity.

Q: Does the NFA requires only Licensing on Rice/Corn Business Activities?

A: The NFA also require the registration of the following facilities aside from the license on the activities mentioned earlier list.

motor vehicles used or intended to be used in transport/hauling of palay/ rice/corn whether for exclusive use or for hire except public utility vehicles franchised by proper government agencies not principally used for transporting rice/palay/corn;

warehouses,threshers and sellers for own produce;

mechanical dryers for owner s/operators exclusive use;

packaging machines for owner s/operators exclusive use;

institutions/establishments securing their rice/corn requirements from the NFA;

poultry and hog raisers securing byproducts from the NFA;

manufacturers/importers/dealers and distributors of rice/corn post-harvest facilities;

non-operating mills and other post-harvest facilities. In this case, registration is done only once.

Registration is done at the office of the NFA that has jurisdiction over the location of the principal business of the applicant.

Registration fees see separate from that of the license fees.

Q: In the event that I discontinue my business, what should I do with my License/Registration Certificate?

A: Surrender your license/registration certificate to the NFA office that issued it together with a written notice of discontinuance.

Otherwise, in case you reapply, you would be charged with the fees for the entire period that you have not applied for renewal.

Q: What do you mean by Bonded Activities?

A: Bonded activities mean third party stocks are deposited in your facilities, for storage, milling, threshing, corn shelling or mechanical drying. Operators/owners of facilities accepting third party stocks are required to post a bond as well as fire insurance to safeguard the stocks of the third party.



How to Start a Rice Dealership Business

Best small business ideasRice is an important primary staple food in many Asian countries especially in the Philippines. Indicating the high demand for this commodity, planning to put up a rice dealership business in your area is a wise choice. There is already an assurance that this business will succeed because buyers are already there. Of course, in any kind of business, conducting a feasibility study is always a crucial step to take. This will assess the economic viability of your proposed business.

Here are some important questions to consider before plunging into this kind of business.

1. Do you have enough capital or budget for your rice dealership business? With at least P60,000 to P100,000 as a starting capital.

2. Do you want to operate as sole proprietorship or corporation? Business registration guide here.

3. Do you have a big and safe storage room for the sacks of rice that will be delivered to you?

4. Do you have a good location for your rice dealership business? Research the area of your target market, the flow of traffic and their buying habits.

5. Do you have lists of rice suppliers in your area? Make sure you have a lists of several suppliers and make a good relationship with them.

6. Do you have necessary equipments like calibrated weighing scales, rice sacks etc., and a service delivery (optional).

7. What varieties of rice do you intend to sell? Make sure to have several varieties of rice, so that your customers will have several options.

8. How will you market your business? This is also an important aspect especially you are new in this kind of business. Make a good marketing strategy and make your business known to your customers. Make a good deal with restaurant owners, hotels, resorts and small carenderias in your place to be their rice supplier.

Here are Some NFA Rice Dealership FAQ

Q: Who are required to secure license from NFA?

A: All persons, natural or juridical, that are engaging or intending to engage in the rice and/or corn business whether commercial or NFA rice/corn.

A: Before the start in any of the business activity enumerated above, the proprietor or operator should first secure a license from NFA. For those already license, businessmen should renew their annual license on any day within their scheduled month allotted by the NFA

A: Application may be filed at the NFA office that has jurisdiction over the location of the principal business of the applicant.

Q: In case we have more than one (1) store/establishment for Rice/Corn business, should all be licensed?

A: Yes, owner/operator should file a license for all outlets at the NFA office where his principal place of business is located. Additional outlets are treated as branches.

A: For new applicants, follow these procedures:

secure application form from the licensing officer upon payment of application fee;

accomplish and file application with complete requirements to the licensing officer who in turn checks the documents and determines corresponding license fee;

pay license fee to the cashier and get copy of official receipt;

prepare the facilities/equipment requirements for inspection by NFA Investigators;

after inspection of establishments, present notice of inspection to licensing officer, official receipt and proof of compliance with deficiencies, if any;

licensing officer issues license if application is found to be in order;

applicants display license in their establishments.

Procedures for renewal applicants:

secure application from licensing officer upon payment of application fee;

accomplish and file application with complete requirements together with previous year s license to the licensing officer;

licensing officer checks completeness of requirements and determines license fee to be paid;

pay license fee to the cashier and present the official receipt to licensing officer;

licensing officer issues renewal sticker and stick it to appropriate portion of the license if application is found to be in order;

applicants display licensing conspicuous place in their establishments.

Q: For New Applicants, how long do we have to wait for the Approval of our License Application?

A: The establishments and facility requirements of new applicants are inspected by NFA Investigators within 20 working days after the filling of their applications. Those inspected are given inspection notices stating the date when they can return to the NFA to show compliance with any deficiency, if any. Otherwise, their notices state the date they can get their license. In all these cases, it should not exceed 20 working days after inspection.

A: Application fee is P50.00 for a single line activity and P100.00 for two activities or more. License fees depend upon capacity of the post harvest equipment used.

A: Documentary and facility requirements depend upon the business activity.

Q: Does the NFA requires only Licensing on Rice/Corn Business Activities?

A: The NFA also require the registration of the following facilities aside from the license on the activities mentioned earlier list.

motor vehicles used or intended to be used in transport/hauling of palay/ rice/corn whether for exclusive use or for hire except public utility vehicles franchised by proper government agencies not principally used for transporting rice/palay/corn;

warehouses,threshers and sellers for own produce;

mechanical dryers for owner s/operators exclusive use;

packaging machines for owner s/operators exclusive use;

institutions/establishments securing their rice/corn requirements from the NFA;

poultry and hog raisers securing byproducts from the NFA;

manufacturers/importers/dealers and distributors of rice/corn post-harvest facilities;

non-operating mills and other post-harvest facilities. In this case, registration is done only once.

Registration is done at the office of the NFA that has jurisdiction over the location of the principal business of the applicant.

Registration fees see separate from that of the license fees.

Q: In the event that I discontinue my business, what should I do with my License/Registration Certificate?

A: Surrender your license/registration certificate to the NFA office that issued it together with a written notice of discontinuance.

Otherwise, in case you reapply, you would be charged with the fees for the entire period that you have not applied for renewal.

Q: What do you mean by Bonded Activities?

A: Bonded activities mean third party stocks are deposited in your facilities, for storage, milling, threshing, corn shelling or mechanical drying. Operators/owners of facilities accepting third party stocks are required to post a bond as well as fire insurance to safeguard the stocks of the third party.



Small Business Grants – How to Find Them and How to Qualify

Minority small business grantsSmall business grants are financial assistance programs available to entrepreneurs and business owners in the United States who have fewer than 500 employees. The funding can come from a government agency, a non-profit organization, or another for-profit company. Awards typically range from $500 to up to $100,000.

Eligibility varies, and can depend on your location, your income, your ethnicity, your gender, your experience in business, as well as your longetivity in business. Some small business grants can even require that you participate in a competition or write an essay to demonstrate your talents or need.

Here are 5 great ways to find what opportunities are available to you:

1) Check With Your Local Government Agencies. Many cities, counties, and states give away money to local businesses. Why? Because they want you to create jobs and more tax revenue. Many times they won’t highly publicize these opportunities, but it’s in your best interest to give them a call and/or search their web sites.

2) Check With Federal Government Agencies. The federal government doesn’t give grants directly to businesses, but they do give money to foundations who in turn can give money to small businesses. The federal agency in charge of this is the Grants Program Management Office, and all of their opportunities are listed publicly online.

3) Check With Major Corporations. Nearly every major corporation in this country has a foundation that gives away grants to enhance communities, and many of these are grants to start or expand a business. Start by checking first with big companies that are headquarted in our city or state.

4) Search The Internet. Use Google, Yahoo and Bing to conduct a search using the term business grants . You can even throw in the name of your city, county, state, etc. Carefully review the results, and look for web sites that other web sites are linked to. Doing so, will help you to find opportunities that may be casually listed on a blog or some type of directory. You may even come across a recent news article about a new opportunity.

5) Ask Around. When attending professional networking functions and social mixers, never hesitate to ask people that you meet about new opportunities. Many times, small business grants are given away to people who happen to be in the right place at the right time. Never underestimate the importance of creating a relationship with a power player and his/her associates.

6) Visit Your Local Library. Contrary to popular belief, libraries are still an excellent resource and store a lot of information that is not accessible in other places. Go to your library as soon possible; look for grant books and directories and ask specific questions to your librarian. You’ll be surprised what you can find.

#1 – Caleb Brown Community Business Grant Program

Provides access to “seed money” and grants to assist urban professionals with starting businesses and rebuilding the community.

#2 – DOT Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program

Offers grant funding to provide training and other services to minority-owned and women-owned businesses to help them compete for highway contracts.

Allows business owners and entrepreneurs to register and submit their business story and photos, get voted for, and be considered among the top 100 finalists and the winners.

Allows fans, including customers, vendors, employees, and the community, determine who deserves some love – in the form of financial assistance for their business.

#5 – Minority Business Development Agency (MBDA) Business Grants

Every year, the MBDA organizes various angel investors with the primary objective of supporting minority businesses with mezzanine and second round financing.

#6 – Miller Lite Tap the FutureВ® Business Plan Competition

Annual competition for minority entrepreneurs that gives away business grants to applicants who submit the best business plans. (Formally called MillerCoors Urban Entrepreneur Series).

#7 – National Association For The Self-Employed (NASE) Growth Grants

Business owners can apply for a $5,000 grant useful for financing a particular small business need.

#8 – Rural Business Enterprise Grants (RBEG) Program

P rovides grants to finance the development of small and emerging businesses in rural areas, to be used for land acquisition, etc.

The SBA and it’s various initiatives award $2 billion in grant funding and loans to small high-tech businesses annually.

#10 – Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Grants

The SBA and it’s various initiatives award $2 billion in grant funding and loans to small high-tech businesses annually.

Provides veterans who own franchises with financial grants for business development, education, training, and/or technical assistance.

Provides technical assistance to women entrepreneurs, both new and established, in the areas of finance, management, and marketing, and other areas.



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Grants for starting a business: What small business grants are available?

Small business grants

If you’re a small business owner or thinking of starting a business, finance is probably your biggest concern. You may be wondering if there is any funding available for start-ups.

The simple answer is yes, but getting your hands on it can be a complicated and rather stressful process. There are countless schemes, each with their own set of criteria, which you can apply for when you’re on the verge of starting a business.

Start-up funding is out there to be claimed, yet every year we receive stories of piles of cash sitting in accounts and not being invested. It’s not because you don’t need the cash, but it’s because navigating through the grants jungle can leave you wishing you were still employed.

Types of business support

All publicly funded schemes are designed to encourage new and growing businesses, to bring wealth and ultimately create jobs. To help achieve this the government makes available a portion of taxpayers’ money to help and encourage enterprise through small business grants.

This cash gets distributed through a variety of ministries, departments, agencies and quangos on a national and local basis. Most businesses are eligible at any one time to apply for a number of different business start-up grants and support schemes which are distributed in a wide variety of forms.

Government grant resource the business finance support finder is a great tool to help those starting a business find relevant funding to suit their needs and you are able to customise your search by your business location, size, and type of business activity.

Want to read more on grants?

We’d love to hear your insight:

What organisations provide small business grants?

The three main sources of grants for start-ups and small businesses come from:

  1. The government
  2. The European Union
  3. The local authority

Government grants for small businesses

Government grants for small businesses are available from the UK government, the Scottish Parliament, and the Welsh and Northern Ireland Assemblies. There are over 100 different government bodies which will offer different forms of funding based on specific criteria and objectives. There are often over 3,000 grant schemes running for UK start-ups at any one time, so it can be a confusing process for business owners to decide which organisations to contact.

Here are the main government organisations who offer grants to small businesses:

European Union grants for small businesses

Despite Brexit, UK start-ups and small businesses can still apply for and receive funding from the European Commission until the UK officially leaves the EU. The EU, via the European Commission, administers a number of schemes through structural funds made up of:

This EU Access to finance tool should help you to see if your start-up qualifies for any EU-backed funding.

Local authority business grants

As well government and European funding, a number of locally-based organisations can also provide your start-up with capital.

Specifically to support and encourage enterprise at a local level, there are currently 38 Local Enterprise Partnerships (LEPs) across England.

Similarly, the government-backed £3.2bn Regional Growth Fund supports projects and programmes that are already in the process of raising private investment.

Click here to view a map of all 38 LEPs and here for more information on the Regional Growth Fund.

Type of government business grants available

Direct grant

This is a cash award, which is usually given out for activities such as training, employment, export development, recruitment and capital investment projects. With a direct grant most schemes usually require the company involved to put up around 50% of the cost.

The government s ‘business finance support finder’ directory has over 300 direct grants agencies listed such as UK business “innovation” organisation the Technology Strategy Board. The directory also features various local grants providers which are facilitated by the government’s £3.2bn Regional Growth Fund, such as Catalyst for Growth which has direct grants of £5,000 to £500,000 available for chemical start-ups launching in the North West of England.

Soft loan

A soft loan is a special type of grant where the terms and conditions of repayment are more generous (or softer) than they would be under normal financial circumstances. So, for example, the interest rates may be less, or there may be no interest to pay at all, and the repayment terms could also be for a longer period.

There are hundreds of organisations that offer soft loans and guarantees but the most notable is government-funded scheme Start Up Loans which offers new businesses loans of up to £25,000 for 6% interest with a 12 month repayment “holiday”.

To date it has helped to fund thousands of start-ups with over £250m invested; see if you are eligible on the Start Up Loans website here.

If you’re starting a social enterprise or charity there are organisations such as Big Issue Invest, the investment arm of the Big Issue, which has soft loans from £50,000 to £1m available for positive impact, socially-driven entrepreneurs and also operates ‘participation loans’ where repayment is linked to future performance of the enterprise.

For young entrepreneurs aged between 18-30, The Prince s Trust provides soft loans of up to £4,000, as well as support for your business idea, with interest capped at 3% and repayments spread over a period of two to five years.

Equity finance

With equity finance a capital sum is injected into the business and the provider of the funds takes an equity share of the enterprise. When the value of the firm increases the stake can then be returned. However, unlike venture capitalists, the expectations and requirements of the providers of public funds are usually less demanding.

It is also worth noting the government Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS) and Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme (SEIS) which help companies raise finance by providing tax relief to investors who buy a share in your business.

Free or subsidised consultancy

Start-ups can often find themselves in the situation where they are lacking a particular set of skills and there are some specially run schemes which provide this knowledge either for free or at subsidised rates. For instance, the Welsh government runs a business support service offering free, independent advice on starting a business and operates an instant hotline for business queries.

Access to resources

As with a lack of skills, it can be the case that start-ups do not possess the physical resources or facilities they need in order to develop particular projects. In the same way there are a number of initiatives, particularly incubator and accelerator schemes, that can help overcome these concerns by providing access to publicly owned facilities. One such initiative is the department for business, innovation and skills’ (DBIS) GrowthAccelerator which provides advice and coaching to fast-growth businesses with fewer than 250 employees.

Technology and Best Practice transfer

The transfer of technological advances and new best practice initiatives can often take a long time filtering down to smaller businesses. The government has set up schemes which aim to overcome this through business support networks and there is now a number of well-established best practice initiatives such as Investors in People (IIP), which specialises in business tools and resources.

Cost sharing

When it comes to research and development, the costs involved can prevent small firms from taking part. However, by sharing the costs with other businesses, and then sharing the expertise, this problem can be avoided.

To find out more about grants for starting a business, visit our dedicated small business grants channel here.



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Government Grants for Small Businesses

Government Grants, Incentives and funding for business

Incentives SA offers advice and information on a variety of grants available through the DTI in all sectors including SMME’s and Business funding. Government grants for small business .

Grants are available for small business funding, medium sized businesses and large companies with turnovers exceeding R35 million per year.

The Department of Trade and Industry offers a range of incentives and grants to suit your business requirements.

Small, Micro- and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMME) Development Incentives

BBSDP is a cost-sharing grant offered to small black-owned enterprises to assist them in improving their competitiveness and sustainability in order to become part of the mainstream economy and create employment. BBSDP provides a grant to a maximum of R1 000 000 (R800 000 maximum for tools, machinery and equipment and R200 000 maximum for eligible enterprises to improve their corporate governance, management, marketing, productivity and use of modern technology).

The Co-operative Incentive Scheme (CIS) is a 90:10 matching cash grant for registered primary co-operatives (a primary co-operative consists of five or more members who are historically disadvantaged individuals). The CIS is an incentive for co-operative enterprises in the emerging economy to acquire competitive business development services, and the maximum grant that can be offered to one co-operative entity under the scheme is R350 000.

The DTI initiated the ISP as a grant to develop incubators into successful enterprises with the potential to revitalise communities and strengthen local and national economies. The ISP encourages partnerships whereby big businesses assists SMMEs with skills transfer, enterprise development, supplier development and marketing opportunities.

THRIP is a partnership programme funded byВ the dtiВ and managed by the National Research Foundation (NRF). On a cost-sharing basis with the industry, THRIP supports science, engineering and technology research collaborations focused on addressing the technology needs of participating firms and encouraging the development and mobility of research personnel and students among participating organisations.

Industrial Development-Related Incentives

The Manufacturing Competitiveness Enhancement Programme (MCEP) is one of the key action programmes of the Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP) 2012/13 – 2014/15. It will provide enhanced manufacturing support aimed at encouraging manufacturers to upgrade their production facilities in a manner that sustains employment and maximises value-addition in the short to medium term. The MCEP comprises two sub-programmes: the Production Incentive (PI) and the Industrial Financing Loan Facilities which will be managed by the dti and the Industrial Development Corporation respectively.

Manufacturing Investment Programme (MIP)

The MIP is a reimbursable cash grant for local and foreign-owned manufacturers that wish to establish a new production facility; expand an existing production facility; or upgrade an existing facility in the clothing and textiles sector.

As part of the Government’s strategy to consolidate small-enterprise support activities since April 2006, the activities of the Godisa Trust, the National Technology Transfer Centre (NTTC), the three business incubators of the dti, the Technology Advisory Centre (TAC), the technology-transfer activities of the Technology for Women in Business (TWIB) programme and the support programmes for small enterprises of the South African Quality Institute were merged into a single programme – the seda Technology Programme (STP).

The SPII is a support programme ofВ the dti, managed by the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC). The SPII is designed to promote technology development in industry in South Africa through the provision of financial assistance for the development of innovative products and/or processes. The SPII specifically focuses on the development phase, which begins at the conclusion of basic research and ends when a pre-production prototype has been produced.

The SSAS is a reimbursable 80:20 cost-sharing grant offering financial support to export councils, joint action groups and industry associations. The scheme comprises two sub-programmes, namely Generic Funding and Project Funding for Emerging Exporters (PFEE). The aim of the SSAS is aligned to the dti’s overall objectives in several respects, as indicated below.

Under the PI, applicants can use the full benefit as either an upgrade grant facility or an interest subsidy facility, or a combination of both. Eligible enterprises include clothing manufacturers, textile manufacturers, Cut, Make and Trim (CMT) operators, Footwear manufacturers, Leather goods manufacturers, and Leather processors (specifically for leather goods and footwear industries).

The FIG compensates qualifying foreign investors for costs incurred in moving qualifying new machinery and equipment (vehicles excluded) from abroad to the Republic of South Africa.

The CTCIP aims to build capacity among clothing and textile manufacturers and in other areas of the apparel value chain in South Africa to enable them to effectively supply their customers and compete on a global scale. Such competitiveness encompasses issues of cost, quality, flexibility, reliability, adaptability and the capabilityВ to innovate.

The CPFP is a cost-sharing programme that contributes to the cost of feasibility studies likely to lead to projects outside South Africa that will increase local exports and stimulate the market for South African capital goods and services.

The South African Government implemented a Business Process Outsourcing and Offshoring (BPO O) incentive programme as from July 2007. Between July 2007 and March 2010, the incentive resulted in the creation of at least 6 000 new jobs and attracted R303 million in direct investment. As part of a process of improving South Africa’s position as an investment destination, a systematic review of the BPO O incentive programme was undertaken with the private sector, resulting in a revised BPS incentive

Trade, Export and Investment Incentives

The dti assists South African exporters by organising National Pavilions to showcase local products at international trade exhibitions. The EMIA scheme bears costs for space rental, the construction and maintenance of stands, electricity and water charges, as well as freight charges, up to a maximum of three cubic metres or two tonnes per exhibitor. Also included are assistance withВ International Trade Exhibitions, Group Outward-Selling Missions and Group Outward-Investment Missions

The CIP is a cost-sharing cash grant for projects designed to improve critical infrastructure in South Africa. The grant covers qualifying development costs from a minimum of 10% to a maximum of 30% towards the total development costs of qualifying infrastructure. It is made available to approved Eligible Enterprise upon the completion of the infrastructure project concerned. Infrastructure for which funds are required is deemed to be ‘critical’: if the investment would not take place without the said infrastructure or the said investment would not operate optimally.

The South African Government offers a package of incentives to promote its film production and post¬production industry, which includes the Foreign Film and Television Production and Post-Production Incentive and the South African Film and Television Production and Co-Production Incentive.  The Foreign Film and Television Production and Post-Production Incentive aims to attract foreign-based film productions to shoot on location in South Africa and conduct post-production activities in the country. The South African Film and Television Production and Co-Production incentive aims to assist local film producers in the production of local content.

The AIS is an incentive designed to grow and develop the automotive sector through investment in new and/or replacement models and components that will increase plant production volumes, sustain employment and/or strengthen the automotive value chain. Eligible Enterprises include Light motor vehicle manufacturers that have achieved or can demonstrate that they will achieve a minimum of 50 000 annual units of production per plant, within a period of three years; or Component or deemed component manufacturers that are part of the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) supply chain and will achieve at least 25% of a total entity turnover of R10 million by the end of the first full year of commercial production as part of a light motor vehicle manufacturer supply chain, locally and/or internationally.