The resource for Business Ethics.
Chris MacDonald, Ph.D.
Business Ethics Articles from the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics
Short Articles on Workplace Ethics , by Cornelius von Baeyer
Business Ethics Articles from [email protected]
Ethics Toolkit , from the Center for Ethics and Business
Resources , from the Ethics Resource Center
The Business Ethics Journal Review
Pavlo on Skilling: Exclusive Interview (October 27, 2006)
Getting to the Bottom of ‘Triple Bottom Line’ , by Wayne Norman and Chris MacDonald
Creating a Code of Ethics for your Organisation, by Chris MacDonald
Ethics and Conflict of Interest , by Michael McDonald (UBC Centre for Applied Ethics)
Making a Moral Corporation: Artificial Morality Applied, by Peter Danielson (Centre for Applied Ethics)
Globalization: Ethics, Risk, and Internal Control (Institute of Internal Auditors)
Business Ethics on the Web, from the New York Times
Business: A Profession, by Justice Louis D. Brandeis
Corporate Soulcraft in the Age of Brutal Markets by Elmer W. Johnson
Knight’s Writings: The Ethics of Competition (1935) from The Frank H. Knight Page
Moral Leadership and Business Ethics by Al Gini
Whistleblowing on the Web by James E. Fisher, William B. Gillespie, Ellen F. Harshman, and Fred C. Yeager
`Business ethics’ goes beyond contradiction in terms, by Daryl Koehn (Houston Business Journal, December 4, 1998)
Moral Decision Making — An Analysis, by Chris MacDonald
A Guide to Moral Decision Making, by Chris MacDonald
Putting the Ethics in E-Business, by Zachary Tobias
Networking on the Net: Professionalism, Ethics And Courtesy On The Net, by Claire Belilos
OECD Principles of Corporate Governance
Misguided Virtue: False Notions of Corporate Social Responsibility, by David Henderson [363k PDF file; 108 pages]
Lying: An Introduction to Ethical Considerations , by Chris MacDonald
For articles on ethical issues in the pharmaceutical industry, try www.PharmacoEthics.com .
business ethics articles
The Journal of Academic and Business Ethics (JABE) publishes original, unpublished works related to contemporary business and education ethical issues. Educational issues like plagiarism, academic integrity, academic policy and cheating are typical topics in educational ethics articles. Corporate fraud, sexual harassment, white-collar crime and legislative issues are typical topics in business ethics articles. The Journal of Academic and Business Ethics was renamed the Journal of Ethical and Legal Issues in April 2017. See http://www.aabri.com/jeli.html. Editor: Dr. Steve Bain, Associate Professor & Counseling Center Supervisor, Texas A Pedro Sousa, University of Porto, Portugal; Daniela C. Wilks, University Portucalense, Portugal.
Exploring millennials: a surprising inconsistency in making ethical decisions, Edward Wright, Western Carolina University; Jon E. Marvel, Western Carolina University, Kathleen DesMarteau, Responsible Research & Writing LLC.
Ethics: the soul of a business capstone course ; Khalid A. Razaki, Dominican University; Elizabeth Collier, Dominican University.
Micro loans; a solution to the plight of Africa’s impoverished; James Larson, National University; James Guffey, National University; Juan Espaсa, National University.
Arbitral Views of Fighting: An Analysis of Arbitration Cases, 1989-2003 ; Carrie Donald, University of Louisville; John Ralston, University of Louisville; Suzanne Webb, University of Louisville.
Academic and Business Research Institute
P.O. Box 2235, Ponte Vedra Beach, FL, 32004, USA
Dr. Russell Baker, AABRI Executive Director
These nouns apply to forms of activity that have the objective of supplying products or services for a fee. Business pertains broadly to commercial, financial, and industrial activity, and more narrowly to specific fields or firms engaging in this activity: a company that does business over the internet; went into the software consulting business; owns a dry-cleaning business. Industry entails the production and manufacture of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale: the computer industry. Commerce and trade refer to the exchange and distribution of goods or commodities: laws regulating interstate commerce; involved in the domestic fur trade. Traffic pertains in particular to businesses engaged in the transportation of goods or passengers: renovated the docks to attract shipping traffic. The word may also suggest illegal trade: discovered a brisk traffic in stolen goods.
- As oxygen is the disintegrating principle of life, working night and day to dissolve, separate, pull apart and dissipate, so there is something in business that continually tends to scatter, destroy and shift possession from this man to that. A million mice nibble eternally at every business venture Elbert Hubbard
- Business is like a man rowing a boat upstream. He has no choice; he must go ahead or he will go back Lewis E. Pierson
- Business is like oil. It won t mix with anything but business J. Grahame
- Business is very much like religion: it is founded on faith William McFee
- Business policy flows downhill from the mountain, like water Anon
- A business without customers is like a computer without bytes Anon
As the entries that follow show, this concept lends itself to many additional twists.
Playwrights Ernst and Lindley wrote this simile to be spoken by a judge in their 1930 s play Hold Your Tongue.
The first two words are transposed from Computer companies to generalize the comparison.
Business is the work of making, buying, and selling goods or services.
When you use business in this sense, don’t say ‘a business’. Don’t say, for example, ‘ We’ve got a business to do ‘. You say ‘We’ve got some business to do’.
You can talk about a particular area of business using the followed by a noun followed by business.
A business is a company, shop, or organization that makes and sells goods or provides a service.
Businesses can do much to prepare for the impact of the many hazards they face in today’s world including natural hazards like floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes and widespread serious illness such as the H1N1 flu virus pandemic. Human-caused hazards include accidents, acts of violence by people and acts of terrorism. Examples of technology-related hazards are the failure or malfunction of systems, equipment or software.
Ready Business will assist businesses in developing a preparedness program by providing tools to create a plan that addresses the impact of many hazards. This website and its tools utilize an “all hazards approach” and follows the program elements within National Fire Protection Association 1600, Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs. NFPA 1600 is an American National Standard and has been adopted by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
The five steps in developing a preparedness program are Program Management, Planning, Implementation, Testing and Exercises, and Program Improvement. Find out more about the five steps below.
- Organize, develop and administer your preparedness program
- Identify regulations that establish minimum requirements for your program
Find more information on Program Management here.
- Gather information about hazards and assess risks
- Conduct a business impact analysis (BIA)
- Examine ways to prevent hazards and reduce risks
Find more information on Planning here.
Write a preparedness plan addressing:
- Resource management
- Emergency response
- Crisis communications
- Business continuity
- Information technology
- Employee assistance
- Incident management
Find more information on Implemenation here.
Testing and Exercises
- Test and evaluate your plan
- Define different types of exercises
- Learn how to conduct exercises
- Use exercise results to evaluate the effectiveness of the plan
Find more information on Testing and Exercises here.
- Identify when the preparedness program needs to be reviewed
- Discover methods to evaluate the preparedness program
- Utilize the review to make necessary changes and plan improvements
Find more information on Program Improvement here.
Amazon is buying Whole Foods for $13.7 billion
Amazon is making a big bet on physical stores and the business of food.
The online retail giant announced Friday that is buying organic grocery chain Whole Foods ( WFM ) for $13.7 billion in cash. The deal values Whole Foods at $42 a share, 27% higher than where the stock was trading Thursday.
Amazon ( AMZN , Tech30) said Whole Foods stores will continue operating under that name as a separate unit of the company. Whole Foods CEO John Mackey will stay on to lead Whole Foods, which will keep its headquarters in Austin, Texas.
The deal shows Amazon’s interest in moving into the business of operating traditional brick-and-mortar stores, even as many retailers that have been crippled by Amazon’s growth have announced a series of store closings.
It also shows Amazon’s growing interest in groceries. The company has its own delivery service, AmazonFresh, and is experimenting with a “click and collect” model, letting customers buy groceries online, then pick them up in person.
The supermarket business, like many other parts of retail, has been hit hard by increased competition from Amazon itself, as well as Walmart ( WMT ) .
Grocery giant Kroger ( KR ) said Thursday that its profits for the year would be lower than Wall Street expected, sending its stock plunging nearly 20%.
Then Kroger’s stock plummeted 13% further on Friday after the Amazon-Whole Foods detail was announced.
Shares of other retailers with a big presence in groceries, such as Target ( TGT ) , Costco ( COST ) , SuperValu ( SVU ) and Sprouts ( SFM ) , plunged as well.
And Walmart was down 5%, despite announcing another online commerce deal of its own Friday. It bought men’s apparel company Bonobos.
But Amazon’s stock rose 3% on the news. Investors don’t seem too concerned by how much the company is spending. A warning of a possible credit downgrade by ratings agency S P Global Ratings didn’t hurt Amazon either.
S P said that Amazon may need to take on more debt as a result of the acquisition. But Amazon finished the first quarter with $21.5 billion in cash and securities on its balance sheet — and only $7.7 billion in long-term debt.
Amazon’s deal for Whole Foods also further demonstrates the financial might of the Jeff Bezos-led company, whose market value is greater than that of the 12 largest traditional general retailers combined.
“Millions of people love Whole Foods Market because they offer the best natural and organic foods, and they make it fun to eat healthy,” said Bezos.
Whole Foods, founded in 1978, is widely credited with helping to make organic food go mainstream. The company now has about 87,000 employees and more than 460 stores — mostly in the U.S. But Whole Foods has also expanded to Canada and the U.K.
The company has been moving aggressively in big cities, targeting millennial shoppers with a store format called 365 by Whole Foods Market that, like rival Trader Joe’s, has lower prices than the ones found at core Whole Foods stores.
High prices, of course, have been a problem for Whole Foods. The company is often derisively referred to as Whole Paycheck since the company charges a pretty penny for spelt and quinoa.
The company was accused of overcharging customers by regulators in New York City in 2015 and that had a huge negative impact on Whole Foods. Sales plunged for several quarters.
And the company became the butt of jokes by late-night comedians. HBO’s John Oliver did a savage skit about the company’s high prices. (HBO, like CNNMoney, is owned by Time Warner.)
Oliver ran a mock commercial showing, among other things, a block of ice with an avocado balanced on top for $25.99, a pomegranate that listened to NPR for $64.99, and tilapia wearing yoga pants for $84.99.
Mackey eventually wound up apologizing to customers. But the damage was done.
Sales growth at Whole Foods has slowed and profits have yet to return to levels before the price scandal. That may be one reason why Whole Foods was willing to sell to Amazon.
It will be interesting to see if Amazon — which has a reputation for keeping prices low — will turn Whole Foods into more of a bargain retailer as well.
It’s also worth noting that Whole Foods stock did not move much higher than $42 on Friday — the price that Amazon agreed to pay. That could be a sign that Wall Street does not expect a bidding war for the company that would push the sale price higher.
So it looks like Bezos will inherit the bad PR baggage that comes with Whole Foods. I wonder if it’s too soon for people to ask Alexa where they can find stalks of asparagus in a bottle of water for $6.
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Tulsa Man Puts Med School On Hold To Become ‘Poop Guy’
TULSA, Oklahoma — Everyone who knew Jon Wood growing up was sure he would become a doctor. He graduated from the University of Tulsa with all the prerequisites for med school including a degree in biology.
So, what did he do? He started his own business. In Tulsa, Jon Wood is Poop 911.
Wood started his business a couple of years ago while he was still at the University of Tulsa. “I got my degree in biology with a minor in chemistry,” he said. “I have all the prerequisites to go to med school.” But the entrepreneurial bug bit him. Now, the kids in his neighborhood call him the poop guy.
“Yesterday I got a call asking if I’d do their horses and goats,” Wood said. No, Wood just sticks to dogs.
There may be those who think why bother, it’s just fertilizer. Oh, but it’s not, he says. “If left unpicked up it will cause brown spots in your grass because it is burning your grass,” Wood said. “It’s very acidic.” That’s because of the dog’s high protein diet.
Ben Franklin said once “two things in life are certain, death and taxes.” Jon Wood has found another. So for now business is good. He’ll think about being a doctor someday, but for now he’s happy being the poop guy.
You can find Jon Wood by calling 877-Poop911.
Welcome to All Breeds, Your Community Dog Walkers Pet Care Pros!
Offering Dog Walking, Pet Transportation and Pet Sitting Services
As a family owned and operated business, you can expect your pet care to be a personalized one-on-one experience or we can make it so you can do everything through our app, on line and also enjoy GPS tracking. We provide all of this for no additional cost or any additional fees.
Our goal is to care for your pet in the manner you have set and to a schedule that works best for you. As longtime pet owners, we understand that finding the right dog walker to fit your family’s needs isn’t always easy.
You Will Always Know Who Is Taking Care Of Your Pet
Your dog walker, if it isn’t already Monica or Eric, will be the same person day after day and walk after walk. Establishing a trustworthy relationship is a commitment we stand by. We know how important it is to have your pets care in the proper hands as well as having someone respecting the security and privacy of your home. We encourage you to read about us and our team. Upon reading it you will quickly discover that we are not providing lip service, that we only have the best and most mature people caring for your pets.
Personal Communication and Exceptional Customer Care
+ Fully licensed, bonded and insured.
+ Members of Pet Sitters International.
+ Board Members of the Prince William Humane Society.
+ Board Members of the Prince William Animal Advisory Committee.
+ Sponsors of the Prince William County Dogs and K-9 Gunner Memorial Park.
+ Sponsors of the Prince William County Off Site Adoption Center.
+ Attends and participates in numerous events each year.
+ Members of the George Mason Center for the Arts.
Call Or Email Us Anytime To Schedule Your Complimentary Consultation
What You Can Expect From Us
We Live and Do Business in Prince William County
All Breeds is a local Prince William County business.В We are residents of the same community where we serve our clients.В Family owned and operated means we are always available to address the needs of you and your pet. Because we believe the difference between a dog walk and exceptional pet care is compassion and thoughtfulness.В It’s Personal and We’re Okay With That.
All of our pet care services include the added benefit of general home care.В We believe if we are there to care for your pet, we can extend that same level of care to your home.В Whether at work or out-of-town, we include a range of general home services in every visit, at no additional cost to you.
Some of Our Courtesy Services Include:
- Mail, Newspaper and Package Pick-Up
- Watering Your Plants
- Turning and Alternating Indoor/Outdoor Lights
- Setting Home Alarms After Visits
- Pet Waste Removal
I f you don’t see something on the list, just let us know and we’ll be happy to include it in your visit.
We Will Meet You Your Pet In The Safety Of Your Home At No Cost
This is a great way to introduce ourselves and get to know your pet in their own environment.We take care to note special needs, personal requests and scheduling preferences. We will give you all the information you need and answer all your questions to make sure that All Breeds is the right choice for you and your pet. Monica or Eric will meet with you personally and not a sales person.
You can find real client reviews on our Facebook page All Breeds Dog Walking, Google and Angie’s List. Find out what our clients are saying about All Breeds. We are proud of the long lasting relationships we have made with our clients throughout the years. Proving that going that extra mile is always appreciated.
+ Other Dog walkers will use us for when they go away or need help with their clients.
+ Several area Vet Techs and Animal Hospitals use and recommend All Breeds.
+ Members of several Law Enforcement Agencies.
+ Secret Service Staff.
We are proud to have SO many Military members of all branches, Police Officers , FBI , and Secret Service .
These are only a few of the occupations of our clients. The list goes on and onвЂ¦
All Breeds Is Licensed, Bonded and Insured
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